A United Nations investigation into killings in Sudan's Darfur region has ruled that Khartoum did not pursue a policy of “genocide”, but had committed “serious violations” of international law, which should be referred to the International Criminal Court.
The long-awaited report, which follows a conclusion by the US that the killings did amount to genocide, said two elements of genocide may arguably have existed that of widespread killing, and the targeting of a particular group. But it said that “the crucial element of genocidal intent appears to missing, at least as far as the central government authorities are concerned”.
Instead, the commission of inquiry said the government and the Janjaweed militia were responsible for “serious violations of international . . . law”, on a widespread and systematic basis, which could amount to “crimes against humanity”.
I generally don't recommend speaking to, listening to, or generally having any contact with M.Bar but his work on the UN's definition of genocide during the Rwandan genocide is fantastic. Check out this for a book-length treatment